Decision to dismiss all magistrates did not follow necessary procedures, said UN rapporteur
The UN human rights rapporteur for the independence of judges and lawyers criticized the dismissal of all magistrates of the Supreme Court of Justice of El Salvador as well as the nation's attorney general.
In a statement, Diego García-Sayán said that he is "seriously concerned" about the decision of the Central American country's Legislative Assembly, announced on Saturday (1).
For the rapporteur, the measure implemented in a few hours by the Congress of El Salvador did not fulfill the minimum guarantees and procedures required in these cases.
The human rights expert says the decision followed hasty ion and appointment. García-Sayán lacked transparency.
He says that these steps against the independence of the judiciary took place "in an intense interaction with the decision and political intervention" of the country's own president, Nayib Bukele, whose "party controls the Congress".
García-Sayán says that the decision to dismiss the magistrates violates Article 172 of the Constitution of El Salvador, which guarantees the independence of the Supreme Court judges.
The measure also violates international standards such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the UN's basic principles on the independence of judges and guidelines on the role of prosecutors and prosecutors.
The rapporteur emphasizes that the removal disrespects the judgments of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.
For Diego García-Sayán, democratic institutions, the separation of powers and the independence of the Judiciary are being attacked in El Salvador.
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